Adjective Agreement

Goals

After this lesson you’ll have an understanding of adjective agreement:

  • how the endings of adjectives are determined by the nouns they modify
  • which endings to use for masculine, feminine, neuter, and plural nouns
  • how spelling rules and stress can affect how we spell these endings
1 Introduction

2 Practice

With adjective agreement in mind, think about which ending is needed. Mouse over (on mobile: tap) the answer you think is correct.

  1. стар__ книга
    • аяПравильно
    • оекнига is feminine
  2. больш__ (end stress) город
    • о́йПравильно
    • ыйmasculine form is -ой when the ending is stressed
  3. нов__ пальто
    • оеПравильно
    • аяпальто is neuter
  4. последн__ поезд
    • ийПравильно
    • яяпоезд is masculine
  5. хорош__ идея
    • аяПравильно
    • яяхорош- ends in a hard consonant
  6. красив__ вид
    • ыйПравильно
    • аявид is masculine
  7. последн__ слово
    • ееПравильно
    • ийслово is neuter
  8. плох__ новости
    • иеПравильно
    • аяновости is plural

With the 7- and 5-letter spelling rules in mind, think about which adjective ending is needed. Mouse over (on mobile: tap) the answer you think is correct.

  1. хоро́ш__ программи́ст
    • ийПравильно
    • ый7-letter rule: и instead of ы after к
  2. хоро́ш__ письмо́
    • ееПравильно
    • ое5-letter rule: no unstressed о after ш
  3. больш__ пиани́но
    • о́еПравильно
    • ее5-letter rule: no unstressed о after ш; stressed о is OK
  4. больш__ чемода́ны
    • и́еПравильно
    • ые7-letter rule: write и instead of ы after ш
  5. ру́сск__ дру́г
    • и́йПравильно
    • ый7-letter rule: write и instead of ы after к
  6. ру́сск__ письмо́
    • оеПравильно
    • еек not involved in the 5-letter rule